With a briefe Rehearsall of their false and dangerous Tenents.
In this article, after the identification of the meaning of the theory of shadows, it has been argued that the concept of shadows has a central role in understanding the esoteric system of thought. In this context, it has been tried to reveal the central effect of the theory of shadows on the basic ideas of esoteric sects.
The theory of shadows can be defined as the reflection of the shadows or non-material beings, which appear in the divine world, in this world in a material form. Nevertheless, it is possible to find in some views of theirs and Islamic sects essay the esoteric sects such as Ismailites, Nusayrites, Druzes and Yazidites some clues about the character of this theory.
The most basic feature of this unnamed understanding is the claim that every being in the divine world has been reflected in this world in a material form. However, the first beings emanating from Almighty Creator brought the divine world into being and that world was reflected to this world in a material form.
With this perception, a Gnostic understanding was developed that the material has no reality and the ultimate reality should be sought in the non-material. According to this, the material beings consisting of only reflection of reality are not possible to have an ultimate reality.
The duty one should do is to go beyond the outer meaning of religious text and to get the inner truth hidden behind the outer meaning.
Cults and Sects of Islam. Like other religions, Islam has a number of cults and sects. These range from the major branches (equivalent to Christianity’s ‘denominations‘), alongside the mystic Sufi movement, to cults (in the theological sense of the term) like Ahmadiyya, Baha’i, and the Druze. Islamic fundamentalism is referred to as Islamism, . Demographics of Islam Islam is the world’s second largest religion after Christianity, with approximately billion adherents—nearly a quarter of the global population. Islam dominates the religious landscape of the Middle East, . There are certain sects of the Islamic faith that are terrorists; this has been proven in more than one instance. For example the recent bombing during the Boston marathon, the suspect Tamerian Tsarnaev according to the FBI state, “he was a follower of radical Islam”.
The theory of shadows made a dualist view point obligatory, because every being has an inner aspect which includes the truth and an outer respect in which the ultimate truth is reflected in a material form. God has the inner attributes through which the truth appears spiritually and material attributes to which they are reflected.
Universe has a dualist character, a spiritual universe consisting of non-material realities and material universe consisting of its reflections. Human beings have a dualist character, a soul belonging to the divine world and a body belonging to this world.
This understanding resulted in the divinization of some figures in the world, because it was held that through the manifestation these figures differ from the ordinary people, thus having some divine features.
These figures gaining a bipolar identity were outwardly human beings, while inwardly regarded as the forms of divine beings reflected in the world. In this point, what the other people should do is to comprehend, with reference to the figures and their forms, the divine truth reflecting them.
This approach brought about a religious understanding in which an individual salvation was not possible and some figures were perceived as charismatic leaders. With reference to this theory, they developed a new understanding of Islam called Esotericism. At the core of this perception lies the theory of shadows and dualism as its inseparable part.
In this sense, Esotericism represents a religious understanding developed in this direction and having a wholeness and deepness. In order to understand this religious understanding correctly, the theory of shadows must be taken into consideration and the esoteric texts be read in this direction.
This kind of way of reading, in which the outer is seen as the unique reality, fails to realize the duality behind it, will not enable us to comprehend the inner wholeness of Esotericism and cause to see it as a mass of contradictions.Demographics of Islam Islam is the world’s second largest religion after Christianity, with approximately billion adherents—nearly a quarter of the global population.
Islam dominates the religious landscape of the Middle East, North Africa, and large parts of Asia. Mar 17, · Islam (Arabic for "submission") is a monotheistic faith based on revelations received by the Prophet Muhammad in 7th-century Saudi Arabia. It is currently the second-largest religion in the world, with about billion followers.
Shiite Islam originated as a political movement supporting Ali (cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam) as the rightful leader of the Islamic State.
The legitimacy of this claim, as initially seen by Ali's supporters, was based on Muhammad's alleged selection of Ali as his. Essay on Christian and Muslim Religious Tolerance Words | 8 Pages. FWIS Christian and Muslim Religious Tolerance It is ironic that while they are based on similar scriptures, and therefore similar ideologies, Christianity and Islam have had divergent attitudes towards the acceptance of .
One source puts the total number of Muslim sects and sub sects at 5 The Sunni population subdivides into four major streams–Deobandis, Barelvis, Ahl-e Hadith and Wahabis–and within these there are 5 Sectarian Division of Muslims” (Bureau Report), The Times, London, 28 Sept.
reportedly dozens of subgroups6. This paper aims to study the insecurity in Nigeria which is widely caused by Islamic sects known as Boko Haram in Nigeria and its effects on security.