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Spaltung  of consciousness, not with Janet as the product of innate weakness, but as the result of inner conflict. The division of objects into congenial and uncongenial ones An important step in childhood development is the gradual depolarization of these two drives.
At what Klein called the paranoid-schizoid positionthere is a stark separation of the things the child loves good, gratifying objects and the things the child hates bad, frustrating objects"because everything is polarised into extremes of love and hate, just like what the baby seems to experience and young children are still very close to.
As the child learns that people and objects can be good and bad at the same time, he or she progresses to the next phase, Psyc essay depressive positionwhich "entails a steady, though painful, approximation towards the reality of oneself and others": This is called 'splitting of the ego'.
For Klein and the post-Kleinians, on the other hand, splitting is an 'active' defence mechanism". Otto Kernberg In the developmental model of Otto Kernberg, the overcoming of splitting is also an important developmental task. Kernberg distinguishes three different stages in the development of a child with respect to splitting: Because the boundaries between the self and the other are not stable yet, the other as a person is viewed as either all good or all bad, depending on their actions.
This also means that thinking about another person as bad implies that the self is bad as well, so it's better to think about the caregiver as a good person, so the self is viewed as good too.
Splitting — "the division of external objects into 'all good' or 'all bad'"  — begins to be resolved when the self and the other can be seen as possessing both good and bad qualities. Having hateful thoughts about the other does not mean that the self is all hateful and does not mean that the other person is all hateful either.
If a person fails to accomplish this developmental task satisfactorily, borderline pathology can emerge. Transference It has been suggested that interpretation of the transference "becomes effective through a sort of splitting of the ego into a reasonable, judging portion and an experiencing portion, the former recognizing the latter as not appropriate in the present and as coming from the past".Cross-Cultural Psychology: Critical Thinking and Contemporary Applications, Sixth Edition [Eric B.
Shiraev, David A.
Levy] on srmvision.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Written in a conversational style that transforms complex ideas into accessible ones, this international best-seller provides an interdisciplinary review of the theories and research in cross‐cultural psychology. Freu dich drauf!
Wenn Sie kurz die Augen schließen und daran denken, welche Düfte Ihre Nase täglich am Frühstückstisch betören, bleiben Ihnen zwei davon mit Sicherheit in Erinnerung. Read this essay on Psyc Essay. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more.
Only at srmvision.com". The Flagship Institution of the University System of Maryland. College Park, MD , USA · Splitting (also called black-and-white thinking or all-or-nothing thinking) is the failure in a person's thinking to bring together the dichotomy of both positive and negative qualities of the self and others into a cohesive, realistic whole.
It is a common defense mechanism used by many people. The individual tends to think in extremes (i.e., an individual's actions and motivations are all. Start studying psyc final. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.