There is evidence to show that education broadly defined works to increase public awareness of the risks of drinking and driving. What were the results of that natural experiment?
Alcohol is the drug of choice among youth. Many young people are experiencing the consequences of drinking too much, at too early an age. As a result, underage drinking is a leading public health problem in this country.
Each year, approximately 5, young people under the age of 21 die as a result of underage drinking; this includes about 1, deaths from motor vehicle crashes, 1, as a result of homicides, from suicide, as well as hundreds from other injuries such as falls, burns, and drownings 1—5.
Yet drinking continues to be widespread among adolescents, as shown by nationwide surveys as well as studies in smaller populations. And when youth drink they tend to drink intensively, often consuming four to five drinks at one time. For the typical adult, this pattern corresponds to consuming five or more drinks [men], or four or more drinks [women], in about 2 hours.
Research also shows that many adolescents start to drink at very young ages. People who reported starting to drink before the age of 15 were four times more likely to also report meeting the criteria for alcohol dependence at some point in their lives 9.
In fact, new research shows that the serious drinking problems including what is called alcoholism typically associated with middle age actually begin to appear much earlier, during young adulthood and even adolescence.
Other research shows that the younger children and adolescents are when they start to drink, the more likely they will be to engage in behaviors that harm themselves and others. For example, frequent binge drinkers nearly 1 million high school students nationwide are more likely to engage in risky behaviors, including using other drugs such as marijuana and cocaine, having sex with six or more partners, and earning grades that are mostly Ds and Fs in school As children move from adolescence to young adulthood, they encounter dramatic physical, emotional, and lifestyle changes.
Developmental transitions, such as puberty and increasing independence, have been associated with alcohol use. So in a sense, just being an adolescent may be a key risk factor not only for starting to drink but also for drinking dangerously.
Risk-Taking—Research shows the brain keeps developing well into the twenties, during which time it continues to establish important communication connections and further refines its function.
Scientists believe that this lengthy developmental period may help explain some of the behavior which is characteristic of adolescence—such as their propensity to seek out new and potentially dangerous situations.
For some teens, thrill-seeking might include experimenting with alcohol. Developmental changes also offer a possible physiological explanation for why teens act so impulsively, often not recognizing that their actions—such as drinking—have consequences. Expectancies—How people view alcohol and its effects also influences their drinking behavior, including whether they begin to drink and how much.
An adolescent who expects drinking to be a pleasurable experience is more likely to drink than one who does not. An important area of alcohol research is focusing on how expectancy influences drinking patterns from childhood through adolescence and into young adulthood 11—Debating the Issues.
with citations. United Kingdom: 50% decline Germany: 37% decline Australia: 32% decline The Netherlands: 28% decline Under the 21 year-old drinking age, fewer underage individuals are drinking, but those who do choose to drink are drinking more, are drinking in ways that are harmful to their health, and engaging in.
Essay on Lowering the Legal Minimum Drinking Age - The issue of underage drinking has become a major problem, especially on college campuses.
But, underage drinking is not purely the root of all accidents related to alcohol. The real problem lies within the unsafe underage drinking habits amongst youth. Drinking Facts: Alcohol Problems Around the World. Kids' drinking is on the rise, a third of all booze is black market, and nearly half of us have never touched a drink.
Number 67 January Underage Drinking Why Do Adolescents Drink, What Are the Risks, and How Can Underage Drinking Be Prevented?. Alcohol is the drug of choice among youth. Many young people are experiencing the consequences of drinking too much, at too early an age.
In the United States as well as other countries, underage drinking has become a prevalent issue with often far-reaching consequences. Teenagers, who engage in binge drinking, are likely to be exposed to other dangers, such as psychological issues, drinking-related accidents, and violent crimes.
Abstract. This paper is concerned with underage drinking in the United Kingdom since aM public policy relating to this issue. Research into youthful drink.